WHAT CAN CAUSE THESE TYPES OF INJURIES?
An Achilles tendon injury might be caused by:
- Stepping up your level of physical activity too quickly
- Wearing high heels, which increases the stress on the tendon
- Problems with the feet; an Achilles tendon injury can result from flat feet, also known as fallen arches or overpronation. In this condition, the impact of a step causes the arch of your foot to collapse, stretching the muscles and tendons.
- Muscles or tendons in the leg that are too tight
These injuries are common in people who participate in these sports:
You're more likely to tear an Achilles tendon when you start moving suddenly. For instance, a sprinter might get one at the start of a race. The abrupt tensing of the muscle can be too much for the tendon to handle. Men older than age 30 are particularly prone to Achilles tendon injuries.
WHAT DOES AN ACHILLES TENDON INJURY FEEL LIKE?
Symptoms of an Achilles tendon injury are:
- Pain along the back of your foot and above your heel, especially when stretchingyour ankle or standing on your toes; with tendinitis, pain may be mild and worsen gradually. If you rupture the tendon, pain can be abrupt and severe.
- Hearing a snapping or popping noise during the injury
- Difficulty flexing your foot or pointing your toes (in complete tears of the tendon)
To diagnose an Achilles tendon injury, your health care provider will give you a thoroughphysical exam. He or she may want to see you walk or run to look for problems that might have contributed to your Achilles tendon injury.